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Oslo Geography



Oslo is geographically situated at the top of Oslo Fjord enclosed by forests and mountains and this location is exceptional for a capital city. There are about 40 islands in and around the city limits, the largest being Malmøya that is nearest to Oslo Fjord.

Oslo also has many lakes, approximately 343, the largest being Maridalsvannet. This lake is the main source of drinking water for Oslo. There are two small rivers Akerselva and Alna, of which Akerselva divides Oslo in two parts; East and West Oslo.

The highest mountain in the Oslo region is Kirkeberget that stands tall at 629 meters. Oslo occupies a very large region of Norway, but ironically its population is considerably small when compared to other European capitals.

Protected forests, hills and lakes cover two thirds of Oslo.

Geographical Coordinates : 59°56′58″N 10°45′23″E


Thanks to the Gulf of Mexico, which brings in warm waters, the climate in Oslo is much milder that what its latitude will demand.

Due to its location, some people believe that Oslo is best visited only in the winter. However, its summers are just as enjoyable as they are mild and warm with temperatures ranging from 10.6°C to a maximum of 21.0°C.

The summer months last for three months from June to August. The best season for visitors who love the rising sun, are during the months of April to May (spring) where the maximum temperatures do not go beyond 15.8°C.

The winter season is best for those tourists who love skiing and other winter activities like ice fishing, ice-skating and even cross-country skiing. The winter season lasts from November to March which is very beneficial for the skiing enthusiasts. Ice develops in the fjord and temperatures can go below as –6.8°C. On an average more than 25 centimetres (9.8 in) of snow cover is experienced 30 days per year. The annual average precipitation is 763 millimetres (30.0 in), with winter being somewhat drier than the summer.

Temperature In Oslo

Average temperature per month in Oslo:
MonthHigh°C (°F)Low°C (°F)MonthHigh°C (°F)Low°C (°F)
Jan-1.8 (29)-6.8 (20)July21.5 (71)12.2 (54)
Feb-0.9 (30)-6.8 (20)Aug20.1 (68)11.3 (52)
Mar3.5 (38)-3.3 (26)Sep15.1 (59)7.5 (46)
Apr9.1 (49)0.8 (33)Oct9.3 (49)3.8 (39)
May15.8 (60)6.5 (44)Nov3.2 (38)-1.5 (29)
June20.4 (69)10.6 (51)Dec-0.5 (31)-5.6 (22)