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Oslo is geographically situated at the top of Oslofjord, enclosed by forests and mountains. There are about 40 islands in and around the city limits, the most significant being Malmøya that is nearest to Oslofjord.
Oslo also has many lakes, approximately 343, the largest being Maridalsvannet. This lake is the primary source of drinking water for Oslo. There are two rivers Akerselva and Alna, of which Akerselva divides Oslo into two parts; East and West Oslo.
The highest mountain in the Oslo region is Kirkeberget that stands tall at 629 meters. Oslo occupies a considerable part of Norway, but ironically its population is considerably small when compared to other European capitals. Oslo's two-third area is occupied by protected forests, lakes, parks and hills.
Protected forests, hills and lakes cover two-thirds of Oslo.
Thanks to the Gulf of Mexico, which brings in warm waters, the climate in Oslo is much milder than what its latitude will demand.
Due to its location, some people believe that Oslo is best visited only in the winter. However, its summers are just as enjoyable as they are mild and warm.
The summer months last from May to August, which is the best time to go to Oslo for visitors who love the rising sun, especially between May and July. Oslo can experience almost 24 hours of daylight, with the famous midnight sun usually appearing in June or July.
The winter season is best for those tourists who love skiing and other winter activities like ice fishing, ice-skating and even cross-country skiing. The winter season lasts from September to April, which is very beneficial for skiing enthusiasts. Ice develops in the fjord, and temperatures can go as below as –6.0°C. On average, more than 25 centimetres (9.8 in) of snow cover is experienced 30 days per year. The annual average precipitation is 763 millimetres (30.0 in), with winter being somewhat drier than the summer.
|Month||High°C (°F)||Low°C (°F)||Month||High°C (°F)||Low°C (°F)|
|Jan||-1.8 (29)||-6.8 (20)||July||21.5 (71)||12.2 (54)|
|Feb||-0.9 (30)||-6.8 (20)||Aug||20.1 (68)||11.3 (52)|
|Mar||3.5 (38)||-3.3 (26)||Sep||15.1 (59)||7.5 (46)|
|Apr||9.1 (49)||0.8 (33)||Oct||9.3 (49)||3.8 (39)|
|May||15.8 (60)||6.5 (44)||Nov||3.2 (38)||-1.5 (29)|
|June||20.4 (69)||10.6 (51)||Dec||-0.5 (31)||-5.6 (22)|